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Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee

The Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC) independently monitors and evaluates national and international efforts to fight corruption in Afghanistan. It reports to the public, Parliament, President, and international community. Learn more about us here.

MEC advertises Communication and Outreach Officer position

Read the full job advertisement

Deadline: August 1, 2014

MEC welcomes Dr. Shaukat Hassan as a new Committee member

Dr. Shaukat Hassan has over 30 years of experience working in conflict resolution and peacebuilding; environment, development and security linkages; institution/capacity building; good governance and anti-corruption; and in the field of higher education. He has worked with governments, security agencies, and non-state actors such as civil society, parliament, media and academia.

He is an internationally recognized expert on good governance and anti-corruption issues and has provided advice and guidance to government officials and non-government representatives based on his broad and long-term experience in the field.

Afghanistan Loses a Substantial Amount of its Revenue due to Ineffective Customs Control

June 10, 2014: MEC – as the independent voice monitoring national and international anti-corruption efforts in Afghanistan – observed that many goods entering Afghanistan are not properly registered causing a negative impact on Afghanistan’s customs revenue. In response, MEC is issuing recommendations to reduce opportunities for corruption at the borders.

News Release on Custom
Backgrounder on Custom
MEC's new recommendations on Custom
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About us

Mandate

MEC's terms of reference includes the following mandates:

  • to develop anti-corruption recommendations and benchmarks;
  • to monitor and evaluate the government and international community efforts to fight corruption;
  • and to report to the President, Parliament, people and international community.
MEC is wholly independent from the Afghan government and the international community. This independence ensures that MEC is capable of carrying out its mandate in a transparent manner without undue influence. Every six months, MEC submits a report of its assessments and findings of the agreed-upon benchmarks to the President, Parliament, and people of Afghanistan through the media.

MEC was created after the need for independent monitoring and evaluation of anti-corruption efforts was identified at the London and Kabul international conferences. Following the London Conference, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan invited the international community to form a joint Afghan-International monitoring and evaluation committee, which was welcomed by the international community.

The Committee

The Committee is comprised of six senior anti-corruption experts selected through a nomination process implemented by the international community and the Afghan government. The Chairmanship of the Committee alternates between an Afghan and an international appointee on a six-month basis.

The current members of the Committee are:

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    Mr. Drago Kos (Slovenia)

    Former Chair of the Council of Europe's Group of States against Corruption

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    Mr. Mohammad Yasin Osmani (Afghanistan)

    Advisor to the President and former Director of HOO

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    Ms. Eva Joly (France/Norway)

    Member of the European Parliament and initiator of the Paris Declaration Against Corruption

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    Mr. Zakem Shah (Afghanistan)

    Advisor to the President and former Minister of Commerce

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    Shaukat Hassan (Bangladesh/Canada)

    Chief of Party of MSI, Headed USAID's Anti-Corruption Program in Afghanistan

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    Dr. Yama Torabi (Afghanistan)

    Founder and Executive Director of Integrity Watch Afghanistan

The Secretariat

MEC is supported by a technical secretariat comprised of national and international staff. The Secretariat is led by an Executive Director and is divided into three main pillars: Governance, Prevention, and Law Enforcement. Each team consists of an international expert, a national advisor, and a national officer. A Senior Policy Advisor provides overarching policy expertise. The Secretariat also has a Vulnerability to Corruption Assessment (VCA) Unit that is undertaking corruption assessments at government institutions, an Outreach and Communications Advisor, an administrative team and a translation team.

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What We Do

Developing Recommendations and Benchmarks

MEC has issued over 100 recommendations in the areas of governance, prevention and law enforcement affecting a variety of government and international institutions. The recommendations address policy gaps that exist in the national or international effort to fight corruption. The latest recommendations are aimed at increasing aid effectiveness, preventing impunity, ensuring transparency in elections, preventing corruption in infrastructure projects and combating land usurpation.

Monitoring and Evaluation of Implementation of Recommendations

MEC monitors and evaluates the implementation of its recommendations and reports on the effectiveness of the implementation. MEC's Secretariat works closely with implementing institutions to gauge progress and identify any potential problems. The Secretariat also seeks information from civil society and other partners to assess whether the recommendations have been implemented by the government and the effectiveness of this implementation.

Public Inquiry into Kabul Bank Crisis

MEC completed a public inquiry into the Kabul Bank crisis in November 2012, which included the analysis of extensive documentary evidence and interviews. The report included 48 recommendations directed at a number of government institutions, aimed at resolving outstanding Kabul Bank issues and correcting structural governance and justice sector deficiencies in Afghanistan. MEC will continue to monitor the implementation of its recommendations and report to the public on progress to help ensure that all outstanding issues are resolved.

Monitoring the Implementation of Anti-Corruption Related Articles of Presidential Decree 45

Although the Office of Administrative Affairs (OAA) is tasked with monitoring and evaluating Presidential Decree 45, MEC decided to independently monitor and evaluate the implementation of 38 anti-corruption related articles. MEC has conducted extensive monitoring activities to evaluate the government's progress and issued a report with its findings on March 31, 2013.

Vulnerability to Corruption Assessments (VCAs)

VCAs identify vulnerabilities to corruption in government processes and allow for the development of strategies to mitigate these risks. MEC has released 5 reports in the areas of land distribution for repatriates, pension administration, civil service appointments, education certificate issuance, and university examination administration.

Consultation and Outreach

MEC acts as a key facilitator and coordinator among actors in the fight against corruption in Afghanistan. MEC has initiated stakeholder working groups to identify corruption issues and solutions. To date MEC has met over one hundred individuals from over one hundred government institutions and civil society organizations, as well as the international community. MEC also conducts provincial missions to gain a regional perspective; to date these visits have included Nangarhar, Balkh and Herat.

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News, Press Releases and Upcoming Events

MEC in the news

May 17, 2014:
EL Mundo: Disparos de corrupción
January 27, 2014:
Afghanistan Times: Public sectors vulnerable to corruption: MEC
January 27, 2014:
Pajhwok: MEC alleges rampant graft in key ministries
January 11, 2014:
Pajhwok: MEC calls for AISA audit, oversight
December 13, 2013:
REUTERS: Corrupt money hides in Dubai, officials turn blind eye - Eva Joly
November 17, 2013:
USA Today: MEC says Afghans are concerned the upcoming presidential election is vulnerable to corruption and fraud
October 24, 2013:
CoST: Afghanistan joins CoST in determination to fight corruption following MEC´s recommendation
September 28, 2013:
Pajhwok: IEC asked to reject corrupt candidates (English)
July 8, 2013:
OECD: MEC member Drago Kos is appointed as head of the OECD Working Group on Bribery from 2014
March 24, 2013:
Tolo News: Afghan Govt Graft on the Rise, Corruption Monitor Says (English) (Dari)
Bakhtar News: Recommendations of MEC are issued (Dari only)
March 17, 2013:
The West Australian: Afghan anti-graft body raps Kabul Bank court ruling
November 28, 2012:
Tolo News: Kabul Bank Fraud Buttressed by Weak Governance (English) (Dari)

Press Releases

June 10, 2014:
News Release: Custom Download PDF
Backgrounder: Custom Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on Custom Download PDF
June 3, 2014:
News Release: Anti-Money Laundering Law Download PDF
Backgrounder: Anti-Money Laundering Law Download PDF
MEC´s letter to the National Assembly Download PDF
June 1, 2014:
News Release: SAO Download PDF
Backgrounder: SAO Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on SAO Download PDF
May 6, 2014:
News Release: ATRA and Red Crescent Download PDF
Backgrounder: ATRA and Red Crescent Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on ATRA Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on Red Crescent Download PDF
April 16, 2014:
News Release: 5th Six-Month Report Download PDF
Backgrounder: 5th Six-Month Report Download PDF
February 10, 2014:
News Release: AGO Download PDF
Backgrounder: AGO Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on AGO Download PDF
January 27, 2014:
News Release: VCA Download PDF
Backgrounder: VCA Download PDF
January 11, 2014:
News Release: AISA Download PDF
Backgrounder: AISA Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on AISA Download PDF
December 9, 2013:
News Release: International Anti-Corruption Day Download PDF
December 4, 2013:
News Release: Afghanistan's ranking in the Corruption Perception Index Download PDF
November 4, 2013:
News Release: Election campaign financing Download PDF
Backgrounder: Election campaign financing Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on election campaign financing Download PDF
October 21, 2013:
News Release: Draft Minerals Law Download PDF
Backgrounder: Draft Minerals Law Download PDF
MEC´s letter to the National Assembly Download PDF
MEC´s new mining sector recommendation Download PDF
October 9, 2013:
News Release: National Military Hospitals Download PDF
Backgrounder: National Military Hospitals Download PDF
MEC´s letter to SIGAR Download PDF
September 28, 2013:
Backgrounder: 4th Six-Month Report Download PDF
News Release: 4th Six-Month Report Download PDF
March 31, 2013:
News Release: Presidential Decree 45 Monitoring Report Download PDF
March 24, 2013:
Media Advisory: Press Conference on the 3rd Six-Month Report & 5th Set of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF
Backgrounder: 3rd Six-Month Report & 5th Set of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF
News Release: 3rd Six-Month Report Download PDF
News Release: 5th Set of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF
March 17, 2013:
News Release: Response to Kabul Bank Public Inquiry Download PDF
March 5, 2013:
News Release: MEC Reaction to Kabul Bank Tribunal Judgement Download PDF
November 28, 2012:
Media Advisory: Kabul Bank Public Inquiry Report Download PDF

Upcoming Events

September, 2014:
13th MEC Mission in Afghanistan
October, 2014:
International Anti-Corruption Conference
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Reports

Kabul Bank
The Ministry of Finance requested that MEC hold a public inquiry into the Kabul Bank Fraud. This report details the findings of the public inquiry.
November 15, 2012: Kabul Bank Public Inquiry Report Download PDF

Presidential Decree 45 Monitoring and Evaluation Report
The first monitoring report of the 38 anti-corruption related articles of Presidential Decree 45.
March 31, 2013: Presidential Decree 45 Monitoring and Evaluation Report Download PDF

MEC Six-Month Activity Reports
April, 2014: 5th Six-Month Report (July - December 2013) Download PDF
September 28, 2013: 4th Six-Month Report (January - June 2013) Download PDF
March 24, 2013: 3rd Six-Month Report (July - December 2012) Download PDF

Sets of Recommendations and Benchmarks
March 24, 2013: 5th Set of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF
1st - 4th Sets of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF

Vulnerability to Corruption Assessments (VCAs) Reports
January 27, 2014:
VCA on land distribution process for repatriates Download Summary Download Full Report
VCA on pension administration Download Summary Download Full Report
VCA on civil service appointments Download Summary Download Full Report
VCA on education certificate issuance Download Summary Download Full Report
VCA on university examination administration Download Summary Download Full Report
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Get in touch with MEC

Have a recommendation for improving anti-corruption in Afghanistan?
Let us know.

Contact Us

Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC)
Kabul, Afghanistan

Phone: +93 797 51 58 71; +93 792 04 33 74
Email: contact [@] mec.af

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