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February 15, 2015: MEC Issues New Recommendations on the Required Self-Assessment of Afghanistan's Compliance with the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC)
Today, MEC issued two new recommendations on the HOO's self-assessment
of Afghanistan's compliance with the UNCAC. In too many instances,
HOO's report cited a particular—-and, often, irrelevant-—Afghan law or
regulation, declaring that the mere existence of this provision
satisfied the UNCAC’s requirements. Therefore, to address the manifest
inadequacies of HOO’s self-assessment report, MEC is recommending that
the new government: (1) conduct a comprehensive review of the
first-phase of the self-assessment to evaluate accurately its gaps and
weaknesses; and (2) designate a more competent agency to oversee the
second phase of the self-assessment, which is slated to begin this year.
Read MEC's Press Release and New Recommendations on UNCAC
November 19, 2014: MEC Releases a Vulnerability to Corruption Assessment on the Pharmaceutical-importation Process
The importation process is highly vulnerable to corruption, from the registration of foreign pharmaceutical companies, to the registration documents themselves, to the lack of effective, laboratory-based quality controls. MEC found that companies have little incentive to follow the formal licensing process, given that it is complicated and can be easily overridden through bribery or by leveraging relationships with powerful persons both inside and outside the government.
VCA on Pharmaceutical Importation
VCA News Release
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MEC is an independent agency, and is not subject to direction from either the Afghan government or from the international community. It was created after the need for an autonomous anti-corruption monitoring and evaluation body was identified at the London and Kabul conferences. Following the London Conference, (click to read London Conference Communique) the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan invited the international community to form a joint Afghan-International monitoring and evaluation committee.
MEC focuses on:
- developing anti-corruption recommendations;
- monitoring and evaluating the anti-corruption efforts of the Afghan government and the international community; and
- reporting on a regular basis to the President, Parliament, and people of Afghanistan, as well as to the international community, about the state of the fight against corruption.
The Committee consists of six senior anti-corruption experts selected through a nomination process overseen by the international community and the Afghan government. The Chairmanship of the Committee alternates between an Afghan and an international appointee every six months.
The current members of the Committee are:
Mr. Drago Kos (Slovenia)
Former Chair of the Council of Europe's Group of States against Corruption
Mr. Mohammad Yasin Osmani (Afghanistan)
Advisor to the President and former Director of HOO
Ms. Eva Joly (France/Norway)
Member of the European Parliament and initiator of the Paris Declaration Against Corruption
Mr. Zakem Shah (Afghanistan)
Advisor to the President and former Minister of Commerce
Shaukat Hassan (Bangladesh/Canada)
Chief of Party of MSI, Headed USAID's Anti-Corruption Program in Afghanistan
Dr. Yama Torabi (Afghanistan)
Founder and Board Member of Integrity Watch Afghanistan
MEC is supported by a technical secretariat consisting of national and international staff. The Secretariat is led by an Executive Director and is divided into five teams: Monitoring and Evaluation, Research, Vulnerability to Corruption Assessment, Communication and Reporting, and Administration.