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Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee

The Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC) independently monitors and evaluates national and international efforts to fight corruption in Afghanistan. It reports to the public, Parliament, President, and international community. Learn more about us here.

October 24, 2014: MEC Extends Research Advisor position deadline

Closing Date November 2, 2014.
Read full job description here (pdf).

October 19, 2014: MEC Announces M&E Officer vacancy

Closing Date November 2, 2014.
Read full job description here (pdf).

October 2, 2014: MEC Releases Follow-Up Report on the Kabul Bank Crisis

This report, MEC’s second on the topic, provides an overview of four main elements of the Kabul Bank crisis: recoveries, criminal proceedings, financial regulations, and the privatization of the New Kabul Bank. As the report reveals, MEC found that efforts to recover stolen funds have faced interference and have not been prioritized. Criminal proceedings have also stalled and the Attorney General’s Office has not undertaken any further criminal investigations.

Read full report here (pdf).

September 17, 2014: MEC Releases Six-month Report Highlighting the Limited Progress Made Against Corruption in Afghanistan

On September 17, MEC published its latest Six-month Report, documenting its activities during the first half of 2014 and summarizing the findings of several reports on specific corruption-related matters. Among the topics covered in this Report, MEC’s sixth, are the ongoing problem of land usurpation in Afghanistan, the myriad issues left unresolved more than four years after the failure of the Kabul Bank, and the stubborn tendency of many high-level officials and powerful institutions not to pay their electricity bills.

This Six-month Report also debuts MEC’s innovative Anti-Corruption Framework and Tool, which MEC will use to track the implementation of all recommendations MEC has previously made to various organizations. By continuously updating this Framework and Tool, MEC will provide a window into how well, or how poorly, Afghan and international organizations are putting into practice MEC’s recommendations.

MEC's Sixth Six-Month Report

September 17, 2014: MEC Issues Press Releases and Background Papers on its Latest Six-month Report and on Problems in Afghanistan’s State-owned Electricity Company

In MEC’s most recent Six-month Report, MEC makes clear that, in the words of its Chairman, Mr. Yasin Osmani, “the greatest challenge facing the government is corruption.” But while “the most significant of MEC’s recommendations have not been effectively implemented,” Mr. Osmani and the Committee remain hopeful that the eventual inauguration of a new government will mark a turning point in the fight against corruption in Afghanistan.

Over the past several months, MEC has conducted extensive research into the failure of many well-connected individuals and powerful institutions to pay millions of dollars in electricity bills to the national utility company, Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (DABS). Furthermore, it seems as though DABS is willing to write these debts off its balance sheet. As a result of its examination of these issues, MEC recommended that the Supreme Audit Office conduct a thorough audit of DABS covering the period from 2009 through 2014. As MEC Committee Member Dr. Yama Torabi stated, “hundreds” of significant persons and entities have unpaid debts to DABS. Dr. Torabi urged civil society, the donor community, and the media to pressure DABS to provide a complete list of all debtors and the amounts that they owe, lest their debts be written off at great cost to the Afghan state.

Press release on the release of MEC's Sixth Six-Month Report
Backgrounder on the release of MEC's Sixth Six-Month Report
Press release on the Writing Off of Electricity Bills (DABS)
Backgrounder on the Writing Off of Electricity Bills (DABS)

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About us

Mandate

MEC's terms of reference includes the following mandates:

  • to develop anti-corruption recommendations and benchmarks;
  • to monitor and evaluate the government and international community efforts to fight corruption;
  • and to report to the President, Parliament, people and international community.
MEC is wholly independent from the Afghan government and the international community. This independence ensures that MEC is capable of carrying out its mandate in a transparent manner without undue influence. Every six months, MEC submits a report of its assessments and findings of the agreed-upon benchmarks to the President, Parliament, and people of Afghanistan through the media.

MEC was created after the need for independent monitoring and evaluation of anti-corruption efforts was identified at the London and Kabul international conferences. Following the London Conference, (click to read London Conference Communique) the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan invited the international community to form a joint Afghan-International monitoring and evaluation committee, which was welcomed by the international community.

The Committee

The Committee consists of six senior anti-corruption experts selected through a nomination process implemented by the international community and the Afghan government. The Chairmanship of the Committee alternates between an Afghan and an international appointee on a six-month basis.

The current members of the Committee are:

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    Mr. Drago Kos (Slovenia)

    Former Chair of the Council of Europe's Group of States against Corruption

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    Mr. Mohammad Yasin Osmani (Afghanistan)

    Advisor to the President and former Director of HOO

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    Ms. Eva Joly (France/Norway)

    Member of the European Parliament and initiator of the Paris Declaration Against Corruption

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    Mr. Zakem Shah (Afghanistan)

    Advisor to the President and former Minister of Commerce

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    Shaukat Hassan (Bangladesh/Canada)

    Chief of Party of MSI, Headed USAID's Anti-Corruption Program in Afghanistan

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    Dr. Yama Torabi (Afghanistan)

    Founder and Board Member of Integrity Watch Afghanistan

The Secretariat

MEC is supported by a technical secretariat consisting of national and international staff. The Secretariat is led by an Executive Director and is divided into five teams: Monitoring and Evaluation, Research, Vulnerability to Corruption Assessment, Communication and Reporting, and Administration.

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What We Do

Developing Recommendations and Benchmarks

MEC has issued over 100 recommendations in the areas of governance, prevention and law enforcement affecting a variety of government and international institutions. The recommendations address policy gaps that exist in the national or international effort to fight corruption. The latest recommendations are aimed at increasing aid effectiveness, preventing impunity, ensuring transparency in elections, preventing corruption in infrastructure projects and combating land usurpation.

Monitoring and Evaluation of Implementation of Recommendations

MEC monitors and evaluates the implementation of its recommendations and reports on the effectiveness of the implementation. MEC's Secretariat works closely with implementing institutions to gauge progress and identify any potential problems. The Secretariat also seeks information from civil society and other partners to assess whether the recommendations have been implemented by the government and the effectiveness of this implementation.

Public Inquiry into Kabul Bank Crisis

MEC completed a public inquiry into the Kabul Bank crisis in November 2012, which included the analysis of extensive documentary evidence and interviews. The report included 48 recommendations directed at a number of government institutions, aimed at resolving outstanding Kabul Bank issues and correcting structural governance and justice sector deficiencies in Afghanistan. MEC will continue to monitor the implementation of its recommendations and report to the public on progress to help ensure that all outstanding issues are resolved.

Monitoring the Implementation of Anti-Corruption Related Articles of Presidential Decree 45

Although the Office of Administrative Affairs (OAA) is tasked with monitoring and evaluating Presidential Decree 45, MEC decided to independently monitor and evaluate the implementation of 38 anti-corruption related articles. MEC has conducted extensive monitoring activities to evaluate the government's progress and issued a report with its findings on March 31, 2013.

Vulnerability to Corruption Assessments (VCAs)

VCAs identify vulnerabilities to corruption in government processes and allow for the development of strategies to mitigate these risks. MEC has released 5 reports in the areas of land distribution for repatriates, pension administration, civil service appointments, education certificate issuance, and university examination administration.

Consultation and Outreach

MEC acts as a key facilitator and coordinator among actors in the fight against corruption in Afghanistan. MEC has initiated stakeholder working groups to identify corruption issues and solutions. To date MEC has met over one hundred individuals from over one hundred government institutions and civil society organizations, as well as the international community. MEC also conducts provincial missions to gain a regional perspective; to date these visits have included Nangarhar, Balkh and Herat.

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News, Press Releases and Upcoming Events

MEC in the news

May 17, 2014:
EL Mundo: Disparos de corrupción
January 27, 2014:
Afghanistan Times: Public sectors vulnerable to corruption: MEC
January 27, 2014:
Pajhwok: MEC alleges rampant graft in key ministries
January 11, 2014:
Pajhwok: MEC calls for AISA audit, oversight
December 13, 2013:
REUTERS: Corrupt money hides in Dubai, officials turn blind eye - Eva Joly
November 17, 2013:
USA Today: MEC says Afghans are concerned the upcoming presidential election is vulnerable to corruption and fraud
October 24, 2013:
CoST: Afghanistan joins CoST in determination to fight corruption following MEC´s recommendation
September 28, 2013:
Pajhwok: IEC asked to reject corrupt candidates (English)
July 8, 2013:
OECD: MEC member Drago Kos is appointed as head of the OECD Working Group on Bribery from 2014
March 24, 2013:
Tolo News: Afghan Govt Graft on the Rise, Corruption Monitor Says (English) (Dari)
Bakhtar News: Recommendations of MEC are issued (Dari only)
March 17, 2013:
The West Australian: Afghan anti-graft body raps Kabul Bank court ruling
November 28, 2012:
Tolo News: Kabul Bank Fraud Buttressed by Weak Governance (English) (Dari)

Press Releases

June 10, 2014:
News Release: Custom Download PDF
Backgrounder: Custom Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on Custom Download PDF
June 3, 2014:
News Release: Anti-Money Laundering Law Download PDF
Backgrounder: Anti-Money Laundering Law Download PDF
MEC´s letter to the National Assembly Download PDF
June 1, 2014:
News Release: SAO Download PDF
Backgrounder: SAO Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on SAO Download PDF
May 6, 2014:
News Release: ATRA and Red Crescent Download PDF
Backgrounder: ATRA and Red Crescent Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on ATRA Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on Red Crescent Download PDF
April 16, 2014:
News Release: 5th Six-Month Report Download PDF
Backgrounder: 5th Six-Month Report Download PDF
February 10, 2014:
News Release: AGO Download PDF
Backgrounder: AGO Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on AGO Download PDF
January 27, 2014:
News Release: VCA Download PDF
Backgrounder: VCA Download PDF
January 11, 2014:
News Release: AISA Download PDF
Backgrounder: AISA Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on AISA Download PDF
December 9, 2013:
News Release: International Anti-Corruption Day Download PDF
December 4, 2013:
News Release: Afghanistan's ranking in the Corruption Perception Index Download PDF
November 4, 2013:
News Release: Election campaign financing Download PDF
Backgrounder: Election campaign financing Download PDF
MEC´s new recommendations on election campaign financing Download PDF
October 21, 2013:
News Release: Draft Minerals Law Download PDF
Backgrounder: Draft Minerals Law Download PDF
MEC´s letter to the National Assembly Download PDF
MEC´s new mining sector recommendation Download PDF
October 9, 2013:
News Release: National Military Hospitals Download PDF
Backgrounder: National Military Hospitals Download PDF
MEC´s letter to SIGAR Download PDF
September 28, 2013:
Backgrounder: 4th Six-Month Report Download PDF
News Release: 4th Six-Month Report Download PDF
March 31, 2013:
News Release: Presidential Decree 45 Monitoring Report Download PDF
March 24, 2013:
Media Advisory: Press Conference on the 3rd Six-Month Report & 5th Set of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF
Backgrounder: 3rd Six-Month Report & 5th Set of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF
News Release: 3rd Six-Month Report Download PDF
News Release: 5th Set of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF
March 17, 2013:
News Release: Response to Kabul Bank Public Inquiry Download PDF
March 5, 2013:
News Release: MEC Reaction to Kabul Bank Tribunal Judgment Download PDF
November 28, 2012:
Media Advisory: Kabul Bank Public Inquiry Report Download PDF

Upcoming Events

November 2014:
14th MEC Mission in Afghanistan
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Reports

Kabul Bank
The Ministry of Finance requested that MEC hold a public inquiry into the Kabul Bank Fraud. This report details the findings of the public inquiry.
November 15, 2012: Kabul Bank Public Inquiry Report Download PDF

Presidential Decree 45 Monitoring and Evaluation Report
The first monitoring report of the 38 anti-corruption related articles of Presidential Decree 45.
March 31, 2013: Presidential Decree 45 Monitoring and Evaluation Report Download PDF
June 21, 2012: Presidential Decree 45 (Translated into English) Download PDF

MEC Six-Month Reports
September 17, 2014: 6th Six-Month Report (January - June 2014) Download PDF
April 27, 2014: 5th Six-Month Report (July - December 2013) Download PDF
September 28, 2013: 4th Six-Month Report (January - June 2013) Download PDF
March 24, 2013: 3rd Six-Month Report (July - December 2012) Download PDF
July 25, 2012: 2nd Six-Month Report (January - June 2012) Download PDF
December 2011: 1st Six-Month Report (July - December 2011) Download PDF

Sets of Recommendations and Benchmarks
March 24, 2013: 5th Set of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF
1st - 4th Sets of Recommendations and Benchmarks Download PDF

Vulnerability to Corruption Assessments (VCAs) Reports
January 27, 2014:
VCA on land distribution process for repatriates Download Summary | Download Full Report
VCA on pension administration Download Summary | Download Full Report
VCA on civil service appointments Download Summary | Download Full Report
VCA on education certificate issuance Download Summary | Download Full Report
VCA on university examination administration Download Summary | Download Full Report
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Get in touch with MEC

Have a recommendation for improving anti-corruption in Afghanistan?
Let us know.

Contact Us

Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC)
Kabul, Afghanistan

Phone: +93 797 51 58 71; +93 792 04 33 74
Email: contact [@] mec.af

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